link to Home Page

Re: Velikovsky

Article: <5f2te0$>
From: )
Subject: Re: Velikovsky
Date: 27 Feb 1997 03:01:20 GMT

In article <> Dave Hatunen writes:
> But most historians and archaeologists do *not* accept the
> Captivity and the Exodus as a given. This is because such
> scholars like evidence that something did occur, and there
> is none.
> (DaveHatunen)

There is a matching record of the Exodus, in an Egyptian papyrus. A quote from Velikovsky's book, Ages in Chaos, shows how well the two accounts match up.


Ages in Chaos, pp 1-3, Prophesy

The history of Egypt reaches back to hoary antiquity; the Jewish people (have ) a history that claims to describe the very beginning of (their) nation's march through the centuries. They bore the yoke of bondage (in Egypt). Historians have agreed that (their) Exodus took place during the period called .. the New Kingdom of Egypt. ... The beginning of the New Kingdom is established to have been about 1580 B.C.

Ages in Chaos, pp 18-23, An Egyptian Eyewitness

The (Egyptian) papyrus containing the words of Ipuwer ... according to its first possessor, Anastasi, was found in the neighborhood of the pyramids of Saqqara. In 1909 the text was published by Alan H. Gardiner. The text points to the historical character of the situation. Egypt was in distress; the social system had become disorganized; violence filled the land. Invaders preyed upon the defenseless population; the rich were stripped of everything and slept in the open, and the poor took their possessions. ... Compare some passages from the Book of Exodus (with) the papyrus.

Papyrus 2:5-6 Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere.
  2:10 The river is blood.
Exodus 7:21 There was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
  7:20 All the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.
Papyrus 2:10 Men shrink from tasting .. and thirst after water.
Exodus 7:24 And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river.
Payrus 2:8 Forsooth, the land turns round as does a potter's wheel.
  2:11 The towns are destroyed.
  7:4 The residence is destroyed in a minute.
Papyrus 2:10 Forsooth, gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire.
Exodus 9:23 The fire ran along the ground. There was hail, and fire mingled with the hail.
Papyrus 4:14 Trees are destroyed.
  6:1 No fruit or herbs are found.
Exodus 9:25 And the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.
Papyrus 4:3 Forsooth, the children of princes are dashed against the walls.
Exodus 12:27 (The Angel of the Lord) smote the Egyptians.
Papyrus 9:11 The land is not light.
Exodus 10:22 And there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt. There was no longer any royal power in Egypt. In the following weeks the cities turned into scenes of looting. Justice ceased to function. The catastrophe that rendered Egypt defenseless was a signal to the tribes of the Arabian desert. The Egyptians did not defend themselves.
Papyrus 6:9 Forsooth, the laws of the judgment-hall are cast forth. Men walk upon them in the public places.
  6:7 Forsooth, public offices are opened and their census-lists are taken away.
  10:3 The storehouse of the king is the common property of everyone.
  10:3-6 Lower Egypt weeps. The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong (by right) wheat and barley, geese and fish.
  14:11 There are none found to stand and protect themselves.

Pillagers completed the destruction, killing and raping. Ipuwer describes:

Papyrus Behold, noble ladies go hungry.
  Behold, he who slept without a wife through want finds precious things.
  He who passed the night in squalor (raised his head).
  She who looked at her face in the water is possessor of a mirror.
  Behold, no craftsmen work.
  A man strikes his brother, the son of his mother.
  Men sit behind bushes until the benighted (traveler) comes, in order to plunder his burden.
  Behold, one uses violence against another. If three men journey upon a road, they are found to be two men; the greater number slays the less.
  The land is as a weed that destroys men.